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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Modern Family Planning among Reproductive Age Group Women in Worabe Town, Ethiopia

Tilahun Saol and Lema Desalegn

Background: Introduction and promotion of modern family planning methods would greatly reduce the rate of unwanted pregnancy and thereby decrease the high rate of maternal deaths associated with unsafe abortion. However, in developing countries, the service is not readily delivered according to the demand of the community.

Objectives: The study was aimed at determining the knowledge, attitude and practice of modern family planning methods.

Materials and methods: The study was conducted in Worabe Town, Silte Zone, Ethiopia from April 10 to April 25, 2017. Community based cross-sectional study design was used. All Childbearing age group women in Worabe Town were the source population and all sampled women in reproductive age group were the study population. 382 reproductive age group women was involved. The data was entered into Epidata version 3.1. The generated data was transferred to Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Finally, the result was summarized in tables and graphs.

Result: In the study, 376 were involved in the study giving a response rate of 98.4%. The study revealed that, 196 (52.1%) were pregnant and 352 (93.6%) heard about modern family planning method. Majority (63.5%) have heard about injectable. More than two third (88.6%) agreed that family planning improve living and 107 (28.5%) used modern family planning method. Majority (72.9%) used injectable. Among the respondents who have heard about modern contraceptives, 312 (88.6%) agreed that family planning improves the ones standard of living.

Conclusion: Even though almost all of the respondents have heard about modern family planning methods, less than half of the reproductive age group women used modern family planning methods. Therefore, health education and increasing the accessibility of the reproductive health service is recommended.