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Prevalence and Complications of Obesity in Surgical Patients: A Study in Benin, a Sub-Saharan African Country

Eugene Zoumenou1 *, Emile Mensah2 , Francis Dossou3 , Mignagnal Kaboro4 , Annelie Kerekou5 , BLaise Tchaou6 and Martin Chobli

Obesity is a growing healthcare problem worldwide [1,2]. The anesthetic management of obese for surgery is no longer rare and has become frequent in the last two decades. Therefore, the challenges of anesthesia in this high-risk group will have to be met by all anesthetists. Obese patients may be more prone to complications in the perioperative period. The increasing phenomenon of obesity exists in Benin, a SubSaharan African country [3]. However, no study has been performed in Benin to find out the prevalence, management and perioperative complications of obese patients requiring surgery and anesthesia. The aim of this study was to provide characteristics of an obese population that underwent anesthesia and surgery in a West African country. Patients and Methods This prospective and multicenter study was conducted in six teaching or regional hospitals in Benin. Consecutive patients presenting for surgery and anesthesia over a four months period (December 2010 to April 2011) were screened.